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list of eponymous archons

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Per one surviving fragment of the Athenian Archon list. Thereafter the archontate declined greatly in importance. Blair's Chronological and Historical Tables: From the Creation to the Present Time, with Additions and Corrections from the Most Authentic Writers, Including the Computation of St. Paul, as Connecting the Period from the Exode to the Temple. (Merrit, "Greek inscriptions, 14-27". ("Athenian Archons", p. 90), Cadoux notes this entry is based on a very obscure surviving passage of. Herodotus, George Rawlinson, Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, Sir John Gardner Wilkinson. Owens, Ron Justice and the Political Reforms of Solon, Eponymous Archon at Athens, 594–593 BC. Gods, Heroes and Tyrants: Greek Chronology in Chaos By Emmet John Sweeney. "Archons of Athens", p. 88 n. 26, Osborne, "Archons of Athens", p. 90 n. 29. Peloponnesian War, Book III (cont'd. 207 Kapiicas 223-200 ,, 209 'Ovda'tpos 222-199 ,, 210 I TrriaX 221-198 ,, 211 S. . The appearance of Peisistratids as eponymous archons is hardly due to the fortunes of the lot 36. Aleshire had placed Hoplon at this year because there was a gap; however, Osborne's latest revision of the Archon list has removed that gap. So Oliver; Samuels sees two names in the primary source. Archon (, plural : ἄρχοντες, árchontes) is a Greek word that means "ruler", frequently used as the title of a specific public office.wikipedia. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, At first the chief of the city was only a priest. History of Ancient and Modern Greece. So Cadoux and Alan Samuel; Benjamin D. Merrit notes the name could be read "Onetorides". Under the reforms of Solon, himself archon eponymous in 594 BC, there was a brief period when the number of archons rose to ten. With a Preliminary Discourse on the Short Method of Studying History; and a Catalogue of Books Necessary for that Purpose; with Some Remarks on Them, Volume 1. (Osborne, "The Date", pp. Samuel, Cadoux suspects this is a corruption of the archon's real name. 12. Archons were also found at Delphi, Plataea, Phocis, and eastern and western Locris. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Greece, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Greece on Wikipedia. Following the order from 197/8 to 204/5 offered by James A. Notopoulos, Notopulos is uncertain of the order of these two archons during these two years ("Studies in the Chronology", pp. Chronological Tables of Universal History: Sacred and Profane, Ecclesiastical and Civil; from the Creation of the World, to the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred and Forty-three. With a Preliminary Discourse on the Short Method of Studying History; and a Catalogue of Books Necessary for that Purpose; with Some Remarks on Them, Volume 1. (Osborne, "The Date", pp. Archon signifies "ruler" or "master," as often as possible utilized as the title of a particular open office, while "eponymous" implies that he gave his name to the year in which he held office, much like the Roman dating by consular years. Archon (ἄρχων, pl. In his speech, His All-Holiness referred particularly to the issue of the Orthodox Diaspora, in the context of the decisions of the Holy and Great Synod. the archons were chosen by lot; the office, which had previously been limited to the two upper classes, was opened to the third class. (Habicht, "The Eponymous Archons", p. 246), Unless otherwise noted, archons from 139/8 to 61/60 BC are taken from Merrit, "Athenian Archons". Also high priest of the imperial cult for. During this period Archon Eponymous was the chief magistrate, the Polemarch was the head of the armed forces, and the Archon Basileus was responsible for the civic religious arrangements. Chronological Tables of Universal History: Sacred and Profane, Ecclesiastical and Civil; from the Creation of the World, to the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred and Forty-three. Amongst the nine archons, the second archon, the one called the King, was the representative of the high priestly function of the old Kings, but each of his colleagues had some priestly duty to fulfill, some sacrifice to offer to the gods. Unless otherwise noted, archons from 159/8 to 141/0 BC are taken from Christian Habicht, Habicht expresses less certainty about the dates of these seven archones. Evelyn Abbott. The archon was the chief magistrate in many Greek cities, but in Athens there was a council of archons which exerted a form of executive government. In Classical Athens, a system of nine concurrent archons evolved, led by three respective remits over the civic, military, and religious affairs of the state: the three office holders were known as the eponymous archon, the polemarch (πολέμαρχος, "war ruler"), and the archon basileus (ἄρχων βασιλεύς, "king ruler"). The archon eponymous remained the titular head of state even under the democracy, though with much reduced political importance. Amongst the nine archons, the second archon, the one called the King, was the representative of the high priestly function of the old Kings, but each of his colleagues had some priestly duty to fulfill, some sacrifice to offer to the gods. The archon eponymous was the chief archon, and presided over meetings of the Boule and Ecclesia, the ancient Athenian assemblies. "Eponymous" redirects here. [4] These positions were filled from the aristocracy (the Eupatridae) by elections every ten years. (Habicht, "The Eponymous Archons", p. 245). A. Millar, 1762. ("Gustave Ducoudray. Old, (mistakenly Dyscinetus in Pausanias 4.27.9), Ergophilus and Callisthenes are strategoi, Menon, Timotheus, and Cephisodotus are strategoi. Unless otherwise noted, archons from 227/6 to 211/0 BC are taken from Michael Osborne. Fasti Hellenici, the Civil and Literary Chronology of Greece, from the Earliest Accounts to the Death of Augustus. Title: IG I(3) 1031 - List of eponymous archons - stoichedon: Author: Ohio State University (Habicht, "The Eponymous Archons", p. 246), Unless otherwise noted, archons from 139/8 to 61/60 BC are taken from Merrit, "Athenian Archons". (Osborne, "Archons of Athens", p. 85 n. 14), This year is commonly attributed to "Gorgias" based on, Osborne notes that Pytharatus "is one of the very few archons of the 3rd century after the 290s to be securely dated on the basis of Olympiads and literary testimony." Gods, Heroes and Tyrants: Greek Chronology in Chaos By Emmet John Sweeney. IG I(3) 1031 - List of eponymous archons - stoichedon: en_US: dc.type: Squeeze paper + photographs: en_US: dc.contributor.institution: Ohio State University: en_US: dc.publisher.digital: Center for Epigraphical and Palaeographical Studies: en_US: Files in this item. Eponymous archons served a term of one year which took the name of that particular archon (e.g., 594 BC was named for Solon). Pausanias's Description of Greece, 4.5.3; Volume 3 The Parian Marble dates the assassination of Hipparchus and the expulsion of the Peistratids from Athens to Harpactides' archonship. Phocion is a strategos, and is defeated by. During this period the eponymous archon was the chief magistrate, the polemarch was the head of the armed forces, and the archon basileus was responsible for some civic religious arrangements, and for the supervision of some major trials in the law courts. album, see Eponymous (album). By John Frost. Alcibiades is a strategos, Eurymedon, Demosthenes, and Nicias are strategoi, Alcibiades, Adeimantus, and Aristocrates are strategoi, Archestratus, Thrasylus, Pericles, Lysias, Diomedon, Aristocrates, Erasinides, Protomachus, and Aristogenes are strategoi, Adeimantus, Eucrates, Philocles, Menandrus, Tydeus, and Cephisodotus are strategoi, Thirty Tyrants expelled, democracy reestablished. In Ancient Greece the chief magistrate in different Greek city states was called eponymous archon. Nicias, Charoiades and Procles are strategoi, Also spelled Ameinias. Register Military. Son of T. Flavius Leosthenes, archon in 91/2, Brother-in-law of Vibullius Hipparchus, archon in 118/9, Son of T. Flavius Alcibiades, archon in 122/3, Nephew of Herodes Atticus, archon in 126/7, Publius Aelius Hellen [who is also called] Pl[...], Rotoff suggests that the absence of an archon for this year, and two of the following four years, was likely due to the, Philoteimus son of Arcesidemus, of Eleusis, Marcus Aurelius Calliphron, also called Frontinus. It was also customary for them to wear crowns of foliage when they exercised their functions. Cleon is a strategos, Nicias, Alcibiades, and Lamachus are strategoi, Also spelled Chabrias. For further details, see Aleshire, Thrasyphon is commonly dated to 221/0 BC based on a Magnesian inscription that allows his archonship to be dated to the fourth year of Olympiad 139; Osborne has argued that the correlation is not that exact and his archonship could fall in the first year of Olympiad 140. After 683 BC the archonship was limited to one year. Construction of the, Also spelled Antilochidos. Unless otherwise noted, the archons from 209/8 to 201/0 BC are taken from John S. Traill, Unless otherwise noted, archons from 201/0 to 160/59 BC are taken from Osborne, "Archons of Athens". For the R.E.M. 1900 By Sophocles, Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb. Unless otherwise noted, archons from 480/79 to 348/7 BC are taken from Alan E. Samuel, "Calliades was archon in Athens, and the Romans made. I drew to the fact that four of them, Hipparchos (496/5), Themistokles . An eponym is a person or thing, whether real or fictional, after which a particular place, tribe, era, discovery, or other item is named or thought to be named. After 683 BC the offices were held for only a single year, and the year was named after the eponymous archon. History of Ancient and Modern Greece. 350-300 B.C.) ἄρχοντες, archontes means ruler or lord frequently used as the title of a; The following is a partial list of eponymous streets and squares in Metro Manila - that is, streets or roads and plazas named after people - with notes In the following list of Archons, years where the name of the archon is unknown are identified as such. with Copious Notes and Appendices, Illustrating the History and Geography of Herodotus, from the Most Recent Sources of Information; and Embodying the Chief Results, Historical and Ethnographical, which Have Been Obtained in the Progress of Cuneiform and Hieroglyphical Discovery, Volume 3. Eponymous archons served a term of one year which took the name of that particular archon (e.g., 594 BC was named for Solon). "The charge of the public sacrifices of the city belongs according to religious custom, not to special priests, but to those men who derive their dignity from the hearth, and who are here called kings, elsewhere. Later historians provided yet another case of eponymy by referring to the period of fifth-century Athens as The Age of Pericles after its most influential statesman Pericles. 3 Annual archons. A Skeleton Outline of Greek History: Chronologically Arranged. "The Athenian archons when they entered upon their duties ascended to the Acropolis wearing crowns of myrtles, and offered a sacrifice to the titular, divinity of the town. Note that the term of an archon covered two of our years, beginning in the spring or summer and continuing into the next spring or summer. Solon, Hippias, and Themistocles were archons. Pericles is a strategos. Background. For the R.E.M. The archon was the chief magistrate in many Greek cities, but in Athens there was a council of archons which exerted a form of executive government. with Copious Notes and Appendices, Illustrating the History and Geography of Herodotus, from the Most Recent Sources of Information; and Embodying the Chief Results, Historical and Ethnographical, which Have Been Obtained in the Progress of Cuneiform and Hieroglyphical Discovery, Volume 3. (Merrit, "Greek inscriptions, 14-27". Aristotle indicates that Medon and Acastus may have ruled as king rather than Archon. Squeezes + photographs - Agora I 2681 + I 2889a+b + I 4120. Originally these offices were filled from the wealthier classes by elections every ten years. Phocion is a strategos, and is defeated by. of eponymous archons, apparently a Greek inter-pretation of the Oscan meddix. John Blair. "Archon" (ἄρχων, pl. Also spelled Euthydemos. In Classical Athens, a system of nine concurrent archons evolved, led by three respective remits over the civic, military, and religious affairs of the state: the three office holders were known as the eponymous archon, the polemarch (πολέμαρχος, "war ruler"), and the archon basileus (ἄρχων βασιλεύς, "king ruler"). Samuel, Cadoux suspects this is a corruption of the archon's real name. Background. [4] These positions were filled from the aristocracy (the Eupatridae) by elections every ten years. Alcibiades is a strategos, Eurymedon, Demosthenes, and Nicias are strategoi, Alcibiades, Adeimantus, and Aristocrates are strategoi, Archestratus, Thrasylus, Pericles, Lysias, Diomedon, Aristocrates, Erasinides, Protomachus, and Aristogenes are strategoi, Adeimantus, Eucrates, Philocles, Menandrus, Tydeus, and Cephisodotus are strategoi, Thirty Tyrants expelled, democracy reestablished. Though I do n't have access to Samuel 's Greek and Roman Chronology to check due to fact! 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