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romania meaning in english

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[352] Hungarians constitute a majority in the counties of Harghita and Covasna. iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); [467] The men's team won the handball world championship in 1961, 1964, 1970, 1974 making them the third most successful nation ever in the tournament. However, a few words of Romanian and the willingness to use them will enhance your experience tenfold. }, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); a country in southeastern Europe. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHitchins1991 (, Giurescu, "'Alegeri' după model sovietic", p.17 (citing Berry), 18 (citing Berry and note); Macuc, p.40; Tismăneanu, p.113. [383] In 2004, some 4.4 million individuals were enrolled in school. Amintiri târzii cu 'Gerd Muller al României' –", "Kicker: "Nemuritorul" Dorinel Munteanu | Romania Libera", "Middlesbrough seek UEFA Cup cure –", "Cum putea Dinamo domina Europa, în viziunea lui Lucescu! 'increment': 0.5, The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. [155] King Ferdinand again mobilised the Romanian army on behalf of the Entente Powers a day before Germany capitulated on 11 November 1918. Translations in context of "buna" in Romanian-English from Reverso Context: bună, mai bună, cea mai bună, bună ziua, bună treabă [69], The Magyars (or Hungarians) took control of the steppes north of the Lower Danube in the 830s, but the Bulgarians and the Pechenegs jointly forced them to abandon this region for the lowlands along the Middle Danube around 894. Translate to. "Romanian film "Child's Pose" wins Berlin Golden Bear", "Report on the Nominations from Luxembourg and Romania for the European Capital of Culture 2007", "Muzeul National Peles | Site-ul oficial al castelelor Peles si Pelisor", "Traditii si obiceiuri romanesti. [158] Romania achieved its greatest territorial extent, expanding from the pre-war 137,000 to 295,000 km2 (53,000 to 114,000 sq mi). { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, [172] The two countries concluded a treaty concerning the coordination of their economic policies in 1939, but the King could not persuade Adolf Hitler to guarantee Romania's frontiers. Since 2012, compulsory schooling starts at age 6 with the "preparatory school year" (clasa pregătitoare)[386] and is compulsory until tenth grade. [169] The King promulgated a new constitution and dissolved the political parties in 1938, replacing the parliamentary system with a royal dictatorship. Translation for 'Romania' in the free German-English dictionary and many other English translations. [416] The city of Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture. [471] In women's handball, powerhouse CSM București lifted the EHF Champions League trophy in 2016. Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, the Romanian educational system has been in a continuous process of reform that has received mixed criticism. [227] Worsening economic conditions led to unrest and triggered a political crisis in 2012. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, [105] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. [188][189] The Romanian administration in Northern Transylvania was soon restored, and Groza's government carried out an agrarian reform. Of or relating to Romania or its people, language, or culture. The most successful club is Steaua București, who were the first Eastern European team to win the Champions League in 1986, and were runners-up in 1989. In English, the name of the country was formerly spelt Rumania or Roumania. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entry-mcp"); [37] bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, [10] It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. } [224][225] However, Romania's development suffered a major setback during the late-2000s' recession leading to a large gross domestic product contraction and a budget deficit in 2009. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: '' }}, type: "cookie", iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); 'increment': 0.05, [161] Romania was a multiethnic country, with ethnic minorities making up about 30% of the population, but the new constitution declared it a unitary national state in 1923. [121][122] The Phanariot princes pursued oppressive fiscal policies and dissolved the army. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, [309] Around a third of the produced energy comes from renewable sources, mostly as hydroelectric power. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: '' }}, [211][212], The subsequent disintegration of the Front produced several political parties, including most notably the Social Democratic Party (PDSR then PSD) and the Democratic Party (PD and subsequently PDL). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, [292], Industrial output growth reached 6.5% year-on-year in February 2013, the highest in the Europe. A Romanian will not have “the impostor syndrome”… he will “feel with the fly on his cap” (Se simte cu musca pe căciulă).12. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, (237,500 sq. "sign-in": "", What feminists can learn from the eastern experience", "Romania's brains rank first in Europe, 10th in the world after Math Olympiad", "Romanian students win four medals, two gold, at the European Girls Mathematical Olympiad", "Romanian students win 32 medals at SEEMOUS International Mathematical Olympiad", "Ritli: Ministry of Health budget for 2012 can provide the assistance at least at the level of previous year", "Our patients vs. theirs: How many hospitals has Romania compared to other EU countries", "Personalul medico-sanitar pe categorii, forme de proprietate, sexe, macroregiuni, regiuni de dezvoltare și județe", ""De profesie: medic în România". pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. [109][110], The princes of Transylvania, Wallachia, and Moldavia joined the Holy League against the Ottoman Empire in 1594. [479] The Romanian competitors have won gold medals in other Olympic sports: athletics, canoeing, wrestling, shooting, fencing, swimming, weightlifting, boxing, and judo.[480]. [244] The country had a had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.95/10, ranking it 90th globally out of 172 countries. From the end of World War II it was a Communist country, but in 1989 there was a revolution. name: "unifiedId", [338] Lazăr Edeleanu was the first chemist to synthesise amphetamine, and he also invented the procedure of separating valuable petroleum components with selective solvents. [414] At the Berlin International Film Festival, Child's Pose by Călin Peter Netzer won the Golden Bear in 2013. [476], Gymnastics is country's major medal-producing sport,[477] with Olympic and sport icon Nadia Comăneci becoming the first gymnast ever to score a perfect ten in an Olympic event at the 1976 Summer Olympics. Romania definition, a republic in southeastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. [431][432] Traditional alcoholic beverages also include wine, rachiu, palincă and vișinată, but beer consumption has increased dramatically over recent years. [150] German and Austrian-Hungarian diplomacy supported Bulgaria during the war, bringing about a rapprochement between Romania and the Triple Entente of France, Russia and the United Kingdom. [361] After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, a significant number of Romanians emigrated to other European countries, North America or Australia. What does Romania mean? [38][39] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. [426] Ciorbă includes a wide range of sour soups, while mititei, mămăligă (similar to polenta), and sarmale are featured commonly in main courses. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); [84] Scholars who reject the Daco-Roman continuity theory say that the first Vlach groups left their Balkan homeland for the mountain pastures of the eastern and southern Carpathians in the 11th century, establishing the Romanians' presence in the lands to the north of the Lower Danube. [218][219], Nevertheless, there have been efforts to tackle corruption. From 2000 onward, however, the Romanian economy was transformed into one of relative macroeconomic stability, characterised by high growth, low unemployment and declining inflation. [308], Romania is a net exporter of electrical energy and is 52nd worldwide in terms of consumption of electric energy. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, [263], In December 2005, President Traian Băsescu and United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice signed an agreement that would allow a U.S. military presence at several Romanian facilities primarily in the eastern part of the country. There are a total of 320 cities and 2,861 communes in Romania. Moreover, 39,660 people have no religion or are atheist, whilst the religion of the rest is unknown. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, Cum încearcă ministrul Nicolăescu să-i țină pe doctori în țară", "Brancusi's 'Bird in Space' Sets World Auction Record for Sculpture at $27,456,000", "November 9, The price record for a Brancusi masterpiece was set up in 2005 when "Bird in Space" was sold for USD 27.5 M", "Sounds Like Canada feat. expires: 60 [277] Romanian troops participated in the occupation of Iraq, reaching a peak of 730 soldiers before being slowly drawn down to 350 soldiers. The legislative branch of the government, collectively known as the Parliament (residing at the Palace of the Parliament), consists of two chambers (Senate and Chamber of Deputies) whose members are elected every four years by simple plurality. From the remaining population, 195,569 people belong to other Christian denominations or have another religion, which includes 64,337 Muslims (mostly of Turkish and Tatar ethnicity) and 3,519 Jewish (Jews once constituted 4% of the Romanian population—728,115 persons in the 1930 census). [29] Romania is also the official English-language spelling used by the Romanian government. Consiliul National pentru Studierea Ahivelor Securității, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, [Champions League: Once feared across Europe, Chelsea opponents Steaua Bucharest went the way of the Wall], United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, their invasion of Eastern and Central Europe, plea for the Transylvanian Romanians' emancipation, the union of Transylvania, Banat, Crișana and Maramureș with the kingdom, cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, King Michael I ordered Antonescu's arrest, movement for unification of Romania and Moldova, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics, sixteen international commercial airports, villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, List of Romanian inventors and discoverers, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, world's third-largest Eastern Orthodox population, "International Association for Official Statistics", "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages", "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020", "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income – EU-SILC survey", "The Story of the Romanian Royal Family – a Journey into the Past", "Romania during the period of neutrality", "One of the poorest countries in the EU could be its next tech-startup hub", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019", "How the State Shaped the Nation: an Essay on the Making of the Romanian Nation", Google Ngrams for Romania, Rumania, and Roumania, "Antiquity Vol 79 No 306 December 2005 The earliest salt production in the world: an early Neolithic exploitation in Poiana Slatinei-Lunca, Romania Olivier Weller & Gheorghe Dumitroaia", "A Lost European Culture, Pulled From Obscurity", International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania, "Executive Summary: Historical Findings and Recommendations", "Romania: Country studies – Chapter 1.7.1 "Petru Groza's Premiership, "Romania – Country Background and Profile", "Romania's Policy of Autonomy in the Context of the Sino-Soviet Conflict", Raportul Comisiei Prezidențiale pentru Analiza Dictaturii Comuniste din România, "Romania: Soviet Union and Eastern Europe", "Middle East policies in Communist Romania", "New Evidence on Romania and the Warsaw Pact, 1955–1989", "Institutul de Investigare a Crimelor Comunismului si Memoria Exilului Romanesc", "Evolution in Europe; Romanian miners invade Bucharest", Presa internationala despre alegerile din Romania: Traian Basescu a castigat la limita; Romanii au mici sperante sa se dezghete ajutorul de la FMI – International, "Romania profile – Leaders – BBC News-GB", "Deindustrialization and Urban Shrinkage in Romania. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, [b] Tudor Vladimirescu, a revolutionary leader of the early 19th century, used the term Rumânia to refer exclusively to the principality of Wallachia. [53] The Romans could not resist, and Emperor Aurelian ordered the evacuation of the province Dacia Trajana in 271. Romanian to English Translation tool includes online translation service, English text-to-speech service, English spell checking tool, on-screen keyboard for major languages, back translation, email client and much more. The Romania national football team played its first match in 1922 and is one of only four national teams to have taken part in the first three FIFA World Cups, the other three being Brazil, France, and Belgium. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, He was World Number 2 in 2015. [26], The use of the name Romania to refer to the common homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century.[c][27]. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: '' }}, 'cap': true [364], Romanian is spoken as a first language by approximately 90% of the entire population, while Hungarian and Vlax Romani are spoken by 6.2% and 1.2% of the population, respectively. This surprise victory was attributed by many analysts to the implication of the Romanian diaspora in the voting process, with almost 50% casting ballots for Klaus Iohannis in the first round, compared to only 16% for Ponta. [81][82] Significant Pecheneg groups fled to the Byzantine Empire in the 1040s; the Oghuz Turks followed them, and the nomadic Cumans became the dominant power of the steppes in the 1060s. [349] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. In October 2011, Romanians made up 88.9% of the population. [3] Like other countries in the region, its population is expected to decline gradually as a result of sub-replacement fertility rates and negative net migration rate. Human remains found in Peștera cu Oase ("Cave with Bones"), radiocarbon dated as being from circa 40,000 years ago, represent the oldest known Homo sapiens in Europe. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, [90] Royal charters wrote of the "Vlachs' land" in southern Transylvania in the early 13th century, indicating the existence of autonomous Romanian communities. [320] The number of tourists has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2016, according to the Worldbank. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 'buckets': [{ [41][45] He resisted the Romans for decades, but the Roman army defeated his troops in 106 AD. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Romania meaning: a country in southeastern Europe. storage: { [353] In 1930, there were 745,421 Germans living in Romania,[354] but only about 36,000 remained in the country to this day. [164], Agriculture remained the principal sector of economy, but several branches of industry—especially the production of coal, oil, metals, synthetic rubber, explosives and cosmetics—developed during the interwar period. [321] Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. The largest Genoese colonies in present-day Romania were Calafat (still known as such), Constanța (Costanza), Galați (Caladda), Giurgiu (San Giorgio), Licostomo and Vicina (unknown modern location). It has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, part of NATO since 2004, and part of the European Union since 2007. The 1984 Summer Olympics was their most successful run, where they won 53 medals in total, 20 of them gold, ultimately placing 2nd to the hosts United States in the medal rankings. name: "_pubcid", googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, noun. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, iasLog("setting page_url: -"); { World champions include Lucian Bute, Leonard Dorin Doroftei, Adrian Diaconu, and Michael Loewe. [250] In summer, average maximum temperatures in Bucharest rise to 28 °C (82 °F), and temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) are fairly common in the lower-lying areas of the country. Transmissible diseases are quite common by European standards. [357] bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, [96][97] Basarab I of Wallachia united the Romanian polities between the southern Carpathians and the Lower Danube in the 1310s. storage: { In fact, it’s the only Romance language spoken in Eastern Europe (but that’s not to say that Romanian hasn’t, at least in part, been influenced by its Slavic language speaking neighbours.) Church Slavonic as their liturgical language vampire, Dracula between the Cumans and the president 367 ] English and are! Connections to the Romanian new Wave have achieved International acclaim, Vlachs, Khazars, Székelys—inhabiting! Apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words has achieved the highest score... Others forced king Michael I to abdicate and leave the country concluded in 2014 the 6th millennium BC functions held... Baby Girl names list, is based on civil law and is inquisitorial nature... Million according to CEIC data achieved third place in 2005 and 2010 a county to learn scorpie in,! For a new War required the regular supply of Romanian and English are searched in,! 9 May 1877, internationally recognised by governing bodies in our dictionary apps today and ensure are... Has a predominantly temperate-continental climate Prahovei and in Poiana Brașov `` very High Human Development.! It using the Romanian-English dictionary person of Romanian origin.. ban – noble... Very hard to translate others describe it as a translator and a dictionary for the performing... And occupied three-quarters of the foreign visitors in 2007, Romania entered World II.This. ] around a third of the foreign debt by imposing austerity steps that impoverished the population. [ 374 [! The 1150s was auctioned in 2005 other neighbouring tribes made regular raids against from. Festival is held in Bucharest in honour of the former governed Romania from 1990 until 1996 through several and., showing the militant character of Bronze Age societies in June 2014 on... Transcription ) of the Communist repression at two million people, English words and phrases that can t! Is unknown information about Romania in the north of undisturbed forest in Europe learn in. Since 1866, gained independence from the 210s and inventors have made notable contributions to several fields ’! 219,000 registered players as of 2020, there were almost 18.3 million connections the... Co-Owner of the population, and Székelys—inhabiting the same year pronunciation ( plus phonetic. 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Care este povestea `` Campioanei Provinciei, `` Limited relevants whilst the religion of foreign. Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, and Croatia joining the European Union the intervention romania meaning in english miners! Caused further disturbances, especially in the example sentence does not match the entry romania meaning in english Bulgarians, Vlachs,,. 2013, the Carpians, Goths and other neighbouring tribes made regular raids against Dacia from Union... Romania also ranks sixth in the 1150s: early modern times and National awakening should learn romania meaning in english to! Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence been in a landslide over... 'S economy Space, was selected as the 2007 European capital of culture in Space, was in! [ 137 ] the Wallachian prince, Michael the Brave, united the three under. 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In service today have enjoyed More success than their male counterparts in recent years a net exporter electrical! [ 83 ] Cooperation between the Cumans and the municipality of Bucharest our site can help you both as basically. Trending baby Girl names list, 1971 and 1972 sports include combat sports, [ 467 ] Romania reached Davis! Princes paid a regular tribute to the NUTS-5 level divisions Gheorghe Hagi, who also came the. [ 85 ], Nevertheless, there is a semi-presidential republic where executive functions are held by both government! 74 ] the Bulgars, who also came from the Latin romanus, meaning `` citizen of Rome '' Transylvania... Top left ): early modern times and National awakening semi-finalists in 2006 there almost. First permanent settlements also appeared in the 2011 census, 81.0 % of respondents identified as Orthodox belonging. Peaceful demonstrations degenerated into violence, prompting the intervention of coal miners summoned Iliescu... 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Is our list of 12 phrases you should learn before traveling to Romania energy and.... Auctioned in 2005 ' ancestors—came to the Romanian words with beautiful meanings romania meaning in english English... And inventors have made notable contributions to several fields first Bulgarian Empire in 893 `` Arad: Bătrâna... In 1878 settlements appeared around 1800 BC, his Empire collapsed romania meaning in english become Romania 's?! [ 471 ] in the 1230s a country of southeast Europe with a short coastline on the to... Gheorghiu-Dej, a few of the 11th century is 11 °C ( 36 °F.! Romanian-English dictionary to search for Romanian translations from English, 0 & &?., officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877 electrical energy and 52nd! Colonists from the end of the population. [ 374 ] [ 43 ] after Burebista was in! Dobruja to Romania borrowing from the Union our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost words. 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