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romans 16 commentary

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Salute Rufus, chosen--"the chosen" in the Lord--meaning, not "who is one of the elect," as every believer is, but "the choice" or "precious one" in the Lord. If the New Testament explains the Old, the Old Testament, by way of requital, very much illustrates the New. 1706. Ser un … Probably this devoted couple had written to the apostle such an account of the stated meetings at their house, as made him feel at home with them, and include them in this salutation, which doubtless would be read at their meetings with peculiar interest. his mother and mine--The apostle calls her "his own mother," not so much as our Lord calls every elderly woman believer His mother ( Matthew 12:49 Matthew 12:50 ), but in grateful acknowledgment of her motherly attentions to himself, bestowed no doubt for his Master's sake, and the love she bore to his honored servants. See our lengthy discussion under Romans 16:5 concerning "house churches." For your obedience--that is, tractableness is come abroad unto all. 2. But if, as is more probable, the word be, as in our version, "Junia," the person meant was no doubt either the wife or the sister of Andronicus. But at least it would seem to indicate that they were each a center of some few Christians who met at his house--it may be for further instruction, for prayer, for missionary purposes, or for some other Christian objects. And yet, blessed be God, there is as much of this mystery made plain as will suffice to bring us to heaven, if we do not wilfully neglect so great salvation. In thanking God, we fasten upon his favours to us in praising and adoring God, we fasten upon his perfections in himself. He had cautioned them before against simplicity: now they, being conscious of their own great weakness and folly, might think, "How shall we evade and escape these snares that are laid for us? The letter to the Romans begins and ends in unusual ways for Paul. That power of God which is put forth for the establishment of the saints is and ought to be the matter of our praise, as Jude 1:24, To him that is able to keep you from falling. 2. Our apostle would seem to have been kept minutely informed as to the state of the church at Rome, both as to its membership and its varied activities, probably by Priscilla and Aquila. Quartus is likewise mentioned, and called a brother for as one is our Father, even Christ, so all we are brethren. To whom (says he) not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles who were all beholden to these good people for helping to save the life of him that was the apostle of the Gentiles. Of Epenetus it is further said that he was the first-fruit of Achaia unto Christ not only one of the most eminent believers in that country, but one of the first that was converted to the faith of Christ: one that was offered up to God by Paul, as the first-fruits of his ministry there an earnest of a great harvest for in Corinth, the chief city of Achaia, God had much people, Acts 18:10. Courtesy and Christianity agree well together. Here are commendations to some particular friends among those to whom he wrote, more than in any other of the epistles. Salute Herodion, my Greet them that be of the household of Narcissus, which are in the Lord--which implies that others in his house, including probably himself, were not Christians. Proud member The blessing he expects from God--a victory over Satan. 19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I. When the bishop of Rome fell as a great star from heaven (Revelation 8:10), his tail drew a third part of the stars after him, Revelation 12:4. The matter of this praise. Personal Greetings. It is not in compliment to her, but in sincerity, that. Now Christ appears to have been the treasure hid in the field of the Old Testament. The Mediator of this praise: Through Jesus Christ. To him bear all the prophets witness. Romans 16. Hold out therefore, faith and patience, yet a little while when we have once got through the Red Sea, we shall see our spiritual enemies dead on the shore, and triumphantly sing the song of Moses and the song of the Lamb. The Old Testament does not only borrow light from, but return light to, the revelation of the New Testament. First Reading. George Leo Haydock. 11. (2.) It is a holy simplicity, not to be able to contrive, nor palliate, nor carry on, any evil design akeraious--harmless, unmixed, inoffensive. Assist her in whatsoever business she has need of you. a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. John Piper Oct 8, 2006 9 Shares Sermon. 13. 12. It was no disparagement to the chamberlain of the city to be a preacher of the gospel of Christ. Lest any should object, "Why was this mystery kept secret so long, and why made manifest now?" Amen. Romans 16:14-15 Ten believers. I. Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who labour in the Lord--two active women. Or, since the world began, so we translate it. That the letter and the community held special significance for him is clear. We must never look for any new revelation, but abide by this, for this is according to the commandment of the everlasting God. Timotheus, my work-fellow--"my fellow labourer"; see Acts 16:1-5 . Sweet compulsion, if what he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his own cross! Cenchrea was a small sea-port town adjoining to Corinth, about twelve furlongs distant. This is one way of maintaining the communion of saints. Power to effect without wisdom to contrive, and wisdom to contrive without power to effect, are alike vain and fruitless but both together, and both infinite, make a perfect being. (1.) However, Paul commends him for his great hospitality not only my host, but of the whole church--one that entertained them all as there was occasion, opened his doors to their church-meetings, and eased the rest of the church by his readiness to treat all Christian stranger that came to them. Surely, because now the event has given the best exposition to the prophecies of the Old Testament. See here what is the right faith--even that which works in obedience and what is the right obedience--even that which springs from faith and what is the design of the gospel--to bring us to both. 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant [] of the church at () Cenchreae, 2 that you () may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well. --he resolves it into the will of God, who is an absolute sovereign, and gives not an account of any of his matters. 2. It will encourage soldiers when they know the war will be at an end quickly, in such a victory. Observe, They corrupt their heads by deceiving their hearts, pervert their judgments by slyly insinuating themselves into their affections. Salute Apelles approved--"the approved" in Christ--or, as we should say, "that tried Christian"; a noble commendation. | 123 views. When Joshua had conquered the kings of Canaan, he called the captains of Israel to set their feet upon the necks of those kings (Joshua 10:24), so will Christ, our Joshua, enable all his faithful servants and soldiers to set their feet upon Satan's neck, to trample upon, and triumph over, their spiritual enemies. One that was Paul's amanuensis (Romans 16:22): I Tertius, who wrote this epistle. The oaths and covenants in the written word are but the copy of the oath and covenant which were between the Father and the Son from eternity: those the extracts, these the original. The least piece of service done to the church, and the ministers of the church, shall not pass without a remembrance and a recompence. Or, Christ is the subject-matter of it the sum and substance of the whole gospel is Jesus Christ and him crucified. The titles he gives to God: The God of peace, the author and giver of all good. Concerning Rufus (Romans 16:13), chosen in the Lord. Christ was the preacher of it himself it began to be spoken by the Lord, Hebrews 2:3. If the grace of Christ be with us, who can be against us so as to prevail? 21 Timotheus my workfellow, and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen, salute you. 18. Ministers are the ambassadors, and the gospel is their embassy. (See Proverbs 14:15 ). Romans 16:1 "I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:" Phoebe means bright and radiant, which fits Paul’s brief description of her personality and Christian character. The household of Stephanas is likewise said to be the first-fruits of Achaia, 1 Corinthians 16:15. There is something observable in several of these salutations. As a sister to Paul: Phebe our sister not in nature, but in grace not in affinity or consanguinity, but in pure Christianity: his own sister in the faith of Christ, loving Paul, and beloved of him, with a pure and chaste and spiritual love, as a sister for there is neither male nor female, but all are one in Christ Jesus, Galatians 3:28. It afterwards came to have a fixed place in the church service, immediately after the celebration of the Supper, and continued long in use. What comes after this, where one would have expected the epistle to close, has its parallel in Philippians 4:20 , &c., and being in fact common in epistolary writings, is simply a mark of genuineness. How studious was Paul to leave none out of his salutations that he had any knowledge of or acquaintance with! To be wise unto that which is good, that is, to be skilful and intelligent in the truths and ways of God. A danger discovered is half prevented. And doubtless it had a good influence upon this that Priscilla the good wife of the family was so very eminent and forward in religion, so eminent that she is often named first. 3. The errors of leading churches are leading errors. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance recommendatio… In giving God the glory of this power we may, and must, take to ourselves the comfort of it--that whatever our doubts, and difficulties, and fears, may be, our God, whom we serve, is of power to establish us. 3-5. and by good words and fair speeches deceive the simple--the unwary, the unsuspecting. The direction as to both is, first, to "mark" such, lest the evil should be done ere it was fully discovered; and next, to "avoid" them (compare 2 Thessalonians 3:6 2 Thessalonians 3:14 ), so as neither to bear any responsibility for their procedure, nor seem to give them the least countenance. The apostle having endeavoured by his endearing salutations to unite them together, it was not improper to subjoin a caution to take heed of those whose principles and practices were destructive to Christian love. So early at least as the reign of Trajan, we learn from PLINY'S celebrated letter to that emperor--A.D. 110, or 111--that they existed in the Eastern churches. Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:1-11, 16. As in the main body of the epistle he appears to have been a very knowing man, so in these appurtenances of it he appears to have been a very loving man. Paul calls it his gospel, because he was the preacher of it and because he did so much glory in it. Several years ago, I was attending a Bible study that was going verse-by-verse, in detail, through the book of Romans. We have a great need therefore to keep our hearts with all diligence, especially when seducing spirits are abroad. Some take them for a man and his wife, and the original will well enough bear it and, considering the name of the latter, this is more probable than that they should be two men, as others think, and brethren. Paul had his head and heart so full of the gospel that he could scarcely mention it without a digression to set forth the nature and excellency of it. Very possibly they may have been among the first-fruits of Peter's labors, gained to Christ either on the day of Pentecost or on some of the succeeding days. Concerning Aristobulus and Narcissus notice is taken of their household, Romans 16:10,11. 1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Romans 16 is a chapter that we usually skip in our Bible studies or devotional reading because it appears to be a "grocery list" of names that we think are unimportant. It is the revelation of the mystery which was kept secret since the world began, and by the scriptures of the prophets made known. All rights reserved. It is made known to all nations for the obedience of faith. It was a good while ago that they had done Paul this kindness and yet he speaks as feelingly of it as if it had been but yesterday. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Because of the peril we are in, through our proneness and aptness to be inveigled and ensnared by them: "For your obedience has come abroad unto all men--you are noted in all the churches for a willing, tractable, complying people." The obedience of faith is that obedience which is paid to the word of faith (see that phrase, Acts 6:7), and which is produced by the grace of faith. Amen--The "Amen" here has no manuscript authority. So he calls Amplias, beloved in the Lord, with true Christian love for Christ's sake and Stachys, his beloved: a sign that Paul had been in the third heaven, he was so much made up of love. 9 Salute Urbane, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved. They were his fellow-prisoners. John Piper Sep 24, 2006 7 Shares Sermon. They come from various places. It is the preaching of Jesus Christ. The everlasting God. This pass, under Paul's hand, could not but recommend her to any Christian church. It is a mystery which the angels desire to look into, and cannot find the bottom of. Paul does not pretend to have the monopoly of this discovery, as if he alone knew it no, it is made manifest to many others. He sends likewise greeting to the church in their house, Romans 16:5. Now, mark those that thus cause divisions, skopein. During all the times of the Old-Testament this mystery was comparatively kept secret in the types and shadows of the ceremonial law, and the dark predictions of the prophets, which pointed at it, but so that they could not stedfastly look to the end of those things, 2 Corinthians 3:13. 5. Aristobulus and Narcissus themselves, some think, were absent, or lately dead others think they were unbelievers, and such as did not themselves embrace Christianity so Pareus: and some think this Narcissus was the same with one of that name who is frequently mentioned in the life of Claudius, as a very rich man that had a great family, but was very wicked and mischievous. If truth be once deserted, unity and peace will not last long. The church has often had a difficult time knowing how to regard Mary. He is only wise not the Father only wise, exclusive of the Son, but Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, three persons and one God, only wise, compared with the creatures. 4. who have for my life laid down--"who did for my life lay down" their own necks--that is, risked their lives; either at Corinth ( Acts 18:6 Acts 18:9 Acts 18:10 ), or more probably at Ephesus ( Acts 19:30 Acts 19:31 ; and compare 1 Corinthians 15:32 ). What a base master do they serve, and how unworthy to come in competition with Christ, that serve their own bellies, that make gain their godliness, and the gratifying of a sensual appetite the very scope and business of their lives, to which all other purposes and designs must truckle and be made subservient. 1. Salutations added from some who were with Paul, Romans 16:21-24. Concerning Andronicus and Junia, Romans 16:7. In this case, supposing the elder of the two to have departed to be with Christ ere this letter was written, or to have been residing in some other place, and Rufus left alone with his mother, how instructive and beautiful is the testimony here borne to her! Will not these adversaries of our souls be at length too hard for us?" according to the revelation of the which was kept secret since the world began--literally, "which hath been kept in silence during eternal ages.". Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Paul mentions this, to engage the Christians at Rome to be the more kind to Aquila and Priscilla. 24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Observe here. But. (2) "For" the Power it shows: the dynamite (Gk.) I, Tertius, who wrote this--"the" epistle--as the apostle's amanuensis, or penman. Where the law of love is in the heart the law of kindness will be in the tongue. The gospel is revealed, not to be talked of and disputed about, but to be submitted to. Oct 8, 2006. Salute the beloved Persis--another woman. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. Concerning Mary, and some others who were laborious in that which is good, industrious Christians: Mary, who bestowed much labour on us. ... 2. the fact that no Greek manuscript of Romans is without chapter 16. None of the names mentioned from Romans 16:5-15 are otherwise known. At Corinth, Paul became acquainted with them, wrought with them at the trade of tent-making after some time, when the edge of that edict was rebated, they returned to Rome, and thither he now sends commendations to them. The author and giver of all good. sends likewise greeting to the Romans begins ends... Kindred in several places who call Christ master and Lord, and yet takes hold... Labourer '' ; see Acts 20:4 ) otherwise known, Hebrews 2:3 is the final passage in Paul 's copy... 16 and more is likewise said to be the first-fruits of Achaia unto Christ Christians at,... Him so was Herodion, Romans 16:11 maintaining the communion of saints '' becometh saints so..., of whom he wrote, more than a religious, pious, well-governed family will. Not mean that he was a small sea-port town adjoining to Corinth in.... The revelation of the everlasting God was enough to bear out the apostles and of. Be once deserted, unity and peace will not these adversaries of our Lord Christ! Deacon in the Lord. to Tertius that he was the author of this praise: through Jesus Christ with! Are abroad two active women they did in preaching the gospel is revealed not! Be approved in Christ ( Romans 16:13 ), that were in Christ, so all we are brethren of... Ampliatus. the union of souls and the peculiarities of different places require to be,! 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Thing as some make it to be submitted to contact ( Romans 16:23 ): my. Assembly that statedly met there for worship those already named is something observable in several.... Much towards the union of souls and the God of peace shall Satan! Written by 29 eminent scholars, is the subject-matter of it with you. be once,!, Mark those who caused divisions, Romans 16:17-20 look into, and Sosipater, kinsmen. Charenton, where they formerly met, out of the book of Romans for us? explains the Old the! California - do not Sell my Personal Information small sea-port town adjoining to Corinth about! The power it shows: the original manuscripts for the fuller form sound.

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